Rumanians pride themselves on being Latin, but the Oriental outlook appears almost everywhere. They adopt, in the language of their constitution and in many of their laws, the catchword of the West in regard to religious freedom; but they have no real conception of its meaning.
In respect of religion the entire population is officially supervised from cradle to grave. The methods by which, and the conditions under which, a person may leave one denomination for another are legally laid down. Rumanian nationalism is closely bound up with the dominant church; vast numbers of Rumanians are incapable of appreciating that a good citizen may belong to some other communion than the Oriental Orthodox. As to that Church, adherence is often purely formal, and the separation between religious profession and practical morality strongly marked.